Reverse Engineering Human Mobility in Large-scale Natural Disasters

Author Milan Stute, Max Maass, Tom Schons, Matthias Hollick
Date November 2017
Kind Inproceedings
Book titleACM International Conference on Modeling, Analysis and Simulation of Wireless and Mobile Systems (MSWiM)
LocationMiami Beach, USA
Research Areas NICER, Sichere Mobile Netze, privacy trust
Abstract Delay/Disruption-Tolerant Networks (DTNs) have been around for more than a decade and have especially been proposed to be used in scenarios where communication infrastructure is unavailable. In such scenarios, DTNs can offer a best-effort communication service by exploiting user mobility. Natural disasters are an important application scenario for DTNs when the cellular network is destroyed by natural forces. To assess the performance of such networks before deployment, we require appropriate knowledge of human mobility. In this paper, we attempt to close this gap by designing, implementing, and evaluating a novel mobility model for large-scale natural disasters. Due to the lack of GPS traces, we reverse-engineer human mobility of past natural disasters (focusing on 2010 Haiti earthquake and 2013 Typhoon Haiyan) by leveraging knowledge of 126 experts from 71 Disaster Response Organizations (DROs). By means of simulation-based experiments, we compare and contrast our mobility model to other well-known models, and evaluate their impact on DTN performance. Finally, we make our source code available to the public.
[Export this entry to BibTeX]

Important Copyright Notice:

The documents contained in these directories are included by the contributing authors as a means to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work on a non-commercial basis. Copyright and all rights therein are maintained by the authors or by other copyright holders, notwithstanding that they have offered their works here electronically. It is understood that all persons copying this information will adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. These works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.


Prof. Dr.-Ing. Matthias Hollick

Technische Universität Darmstadt
Department of Computer Science
Secure Mobile Networking Lab 

Mornewegstr. 32 (S4/14)
64293 Darmstadt, Germany

Phone: +49 6151 16-25472
Fax: +49 6151 16-25471


A A A | Drucken Drucken | Impressum Impressum | Sitemap Sitemap | Suche Suche | Kontakt Kontakt | Webseitenanalyse: Mehr Informationen
zum Seitenanfangzum Seitenanfang